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economic sectors : Mining services and transport,
energy, manufacturing, tourism, and agriculture Pocket
Guide to South Africa - South Africa at a glance
: Total: 54,96 million, Male: 26,89 million
(49%), Female: 28,07 million (51%)
languages : English, isiZulu, isiXhosa, isiNdebele,
Afrikaans, siSwati, Sesotho sa Leboa, Sesotho, Setswana,
: Constitutional multiparty, three-tier (local,
provincial, national) democracy. Read more about South
: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative),
Constitutional Court is located in Johannesburg.
: Western Cape, Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal,
Northern Cape, Free State, North West, Gauteng, Mpumalanga,
: Rand (ZAR). 100 cents equals one rand
: GMT +2 hours
: Cape Town to Johannesburg 1 400 km (880
miles), Johannesburg to Durban 600 km (380 miles),
Port Elizabeth to Bloemfontein 700 km (440 miles)
: Excellent roads, rail and air facilities
(both domestic and international). Public transport
in major cities include the Gautrain between Johannesburg
and Pretoria and the Bus Rapid Transport System in
Cape Town, Johannesburg and Pretoria.
: World-class infrastructure. Internet access
is widely available. There are five mobile (cellular)
tax : Levied at 14%. Tourists may apply for
tax refunds on purchases over R250 on departure.
: Top-quality healthcare is available throughout
the country, although basic in rural areas. Inoculations
are only required for those travelling from yellow-fever
areas. Malaria precautions are necessary in some areas.
in north-central South Africa, Johannesburg is the
country's largest and fastest-growing city, with sprawling
suburbs fanning out from the central city to cover
an area of 1,100 square kilometers (424.7 square miles).
The nickname "eGoli" ("city of gold")
evokes Johannesburg's origin as a mining town in the
late nineteenth century. Today, it is still the capital
of South African mining and commerce and home to the
headquarters of the country's mining companies and
major financial institutions, as well as headquarters
to a variety of multinational corporations and transportation
hub of southern Africa.
is also a city built on a history of racial division
that achieved its most dramatic form in the twentieth
century policy of strict separation known as apartheid.
This legacy is apparent in the racial divide between
its various districts and suburbs, ranging from the
teeming streets of Soweto to the posh mansions of
the northern suburbs. The political changes of the
1990s can be seen most readily in the central city,
which has become a bustling multicultural area where
thousands of street traders earn their living in the
shadow of the city's giant skyscrapers, and a blend
of African and European languages evokes the city's
unique cultural and social history.